The accounts gathered in this volume concern the period from September 1939 to July 1944, whereas the leitmotif that conjoins them are the executions that were conducted by the Germans in Warsaw and its environs throughout the entire occupation. Some of these killings were committed as punishment for various types of “crimes” ? from involvement in the resistance to participation in clandestine classes. Others were aimed at exterminating the Polish intelligentsia, were retaliatory in nature, or were simply manifestations of the occupier’s criminal whims. Both secret and public, mass and individual, by shooting or by hanging, the accounts brought together in the book clearly show that executions formed an integral part of everyday life in occupied Warsaw.